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Cabbage White Butterflies

(Pieris rapae)

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The Cabbage White Butterfly (Pieris rapae) is a common garden pest, notorious for its larvae, which cause extensive damage to brassica crops like cabbage, broccoli, and kale.


Females lay small, yellow eggs on the undersides of leaves. Larvae hatch and begin feeding, developing through five instars over several weeks. The pupation stage occurs in a chrysalis, and the life cycle completes in about 4-6 weeks.


Larvae feed voraciously on the leaves of brassica plants, creating large holes and potentially destroying entire crops if left unchecked. They prefer tender young leaves.


Adult Cabbage White Butterflies have white wings with small black spots and a wingspan of about 1.5 to 2 inches. The larvae, known as caterpillars, are green with faint yellow stripes running along their length.


Cabbage White Butterflies are found in gardens, agricultural fields, and any area where brassica plants grow. They are most active during warm, sunny days and can be found worldwide.


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